Why mobility is so important?
Which are the benefits of mobility training?
1) Proprioception/Sensory motor benefits
Beyond the physiological benefits of moving joints through their ROM, joint work helps us neurologically: joints are key triggers for sensory-motor perception. We experience the world in a sensory-motor hierarchy of visual (vision), vestibular (balance) and proprioceptive (where we are in space) systems. Joints have a very high number of proprioceptive nerves that tell the brain where we are in space and how fast each part of us is moving.
Studies have shown that mobility work as part of balance and resistance training in athletes/persons was found to have a profound effect on reducing the possibilities of injuries.
3)Jammed joints and reduced strength
The nervous system is designed for survival first, not performance. If the nervous system detects a problem in its function – like a joint that is not able to move properly – it more or less cuts down power to the rest of the system (so the compromised component doesn’t put the system at risk). This shutdown is global. Conversely, opening up the jammed joint can bring the power back on line. This phenomenon was first noted decades ago and labelled the “arthrokinetic reflex.”
4)Proprioception & pain
Pain is part of neurological signalling triggered by another proprioceptive nerve, the nociceptor.
Typically, there are more mechanoreceptors (nerves that sense touch, movement, and position) around joints than nociceptors. Mechcanoreceptive nerves send their signals several hundred times faster than most nociceptors. This means that proper joint movement can send a far stronger signal, faster, to the body than a pain signal can.